Human food is not the best food to give your dog. Foods that you should avoid giving your dog are alcohol, chocolate, caffeine, coffee, raisins, grapes, macadamia nuts, onions, garlic, chives, and xylitol.
Side Effects of Human Food on Dogs
Alcohol or foods containing alcohol, cause serious side effects in your dog. Depression of the nervous system, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, lethargy, vomiting, and tremors, can be signs that your dog has ingested alcohol. If you suspect this is the case, seek care for your dog immediately. Because alcohol ingestion can lead to death.
Coffee, chocolate, and caffeine all contain methylxanthines. These are found in cacao seeds, the fruit of the plant found in coffee and some sodas. Therefore, ingestion by your pet can cause vomiting, diarrhea, extreme thirst/urination, tremors, and in some cases death. Also, dark chocolate is more dangerous than white chocolate.
Raisins and grapes can cause kidney failure in dogs. So, it is best to avoid letting your dog have these foods.
Macadamia nuts cause several symptoms in dogs. Depression, vomiting, tremors, and hyperthermia are signs that show up within 12 hours after ingestion. However, they can last 12-48 hours.
Onions, garlic, and chives causes irritation to the intestines of your dog, leading to damage of the red blood cells. While cats are more likely to suffer, dogs can too. Just know garlic is bad for your pet. Toxicity is determined from history, clinical signs, and use of a microscope to see if Heinz bodies are present.
Xylitol is an alternative sweetener added to diabetic foods and in chewing gum. It’s extremely toxic to dogs.
Therefore, should you suspect your pet has ingested any of the foods mentioned above, contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435. If at all possible, figure out how much food your dog has ingested